Tag: Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus)

The Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus) is one of the most common and possibly the largest species of Goatfish found in local waters.

The are easily recognised by both appearance and activity as they can usually be found searching for food below the surface of the sand.

As with all members of the family Mullidae, the Indian Goatfish uses the "chemosensory barbels" located under its chin for detecting food, which mainly consists of small crustaceans, molluscs and small invertibrates.

Due to its ability to unearth hidden food, it can often be found with an entourage of smaller, unrelated fish species, particularly members of the opportunistic Wrasse (Labridae) family.

Alan's picture
Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus), Redbreasted Moari (Cheilinus Fasciatus) & Pastel Green Wrasse (Halichoeres Chloropterus)

An Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus) in it's relentless pursuit of food hidden below the sand.

As is often the case, this individual is being accompanied by two members of the Wrasse (Labridae) family which are generally bold and opportunistic feeders.

Alan's picture
Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus) 2

An Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus) with the distinguishing feature of the Mullidae family, the 2 "chemosensory barbels", clearly visible below the chin.

These barbels are used by Goatfish to detect food hidden below the surface of thsubstrate (usually sand or silt). Their diet typically includes small crustaceans, molluscs and invertibrates.

Alan's picture
Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus) 1

Probably the largest species of Goatfish found locally, the Indian Goatfish (Parupeneus Indicus) can be distunguished by it's large size (compared to other local Goatfish species), black spot at the base of the tail, large elongated yellow spot along the back and blue-ish lines around the face.